The Next Wave of e-Mobility: Electric Truck Adoption
Medium and heavy duty trucks accounted for 23 percent of transportation-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and roughly 6 percent of total GHG emissions in the United States. The electrification of freight transport is not only essential ecologically, but it also enhances the bottom line. Running costs and maintenance costs of electric trucks versus traditional trucks are expected to be much lower, significantly reducing TCO.
Regulation and Incentives Drive Adoption
Recent legislation by the California Air Resources Board requires all commercial trucks and vans sold in the state by 2045 to be zero-emission, phasing out pollution-generating diesel engines. Furthermore, the U.S. government has increased its heavy-duty fuel economy standards, which will become law in 2025. Last year, the U.S. Department of Energy announced $51.5 million in grants for heavy-duty and off-road truck technology research, including building more efficient batteries.
In addition, 15 states and Washington DC have agreed to an action plan that all medium and heavy-duty vehicle sales be zero emission by 2050, with a 30% target on zero-emission sales by 2030. In New York, a package of clean transportation initiatives includes a utility-funded program to deploy more than 50,000 charging stations by 2025.
Accelerating Electric Truck Production
Decreasing battery costs and national and international policies and incentives as well as industry partnerships are pushing the automotive industry’s leading manufacturers to accelerate their shift to electric trucks.
Urban delivery trucks, with known routes and the ability to recharge at depots overnight, are the fastest growing segment of electric trucks. A case in point, UPS, Amazon, IKEA, and FedEx have invested in electric commercial vehicle manufacturers such as Chanje, Arriva, and Rivian. Electric semis built by Daimler Trucks North America for Penske and NFI have been in use in California since late 2019. These “beta” trucks will serve as the test vehicles for future truck development. Mack electric trucks are already collecting garbage in New York City. Einride’s T-Pod Autonomous electric trucks are being used on some delivery routes in Sweden, as well.
Keeping the Fleet in Motion
While legislation, incentives, and lower TCO are driving the adoption of electric trucks, EV fleet charging management is critical to keeping those electric trucks on the road.
Unlike consumer personal vehicles, which spend much of the day parked at the office or at home, commercial trucks are constantly in motion, needing to meet strict timelines and business priorities. Fleet managers need to plan the exact routes as well as take into account the fast charging locations on the way.
If trucks are in the depot, further complexities must be addressed to accommodate commercial charging needs. The tech and procedures need to be in place to ensure all the trucks can be recharged for the next day’s runs. Due to the tight turnaround and high volume of vehicles that need to be charged, chargers’ availability and stability are essential, as chargers need to be continuously at the ready and in full working order.
Fleet managers must organize arrivals and prioritize charging (based on business rules, State-of-Charge, etc.) to ensure the vehicles are at full capacity in time for their planned departures. Finally, the energy must be continuously optimized to meet the e-trucks charging demand.
To effectively manage electric truck charging, an EV fleet charging management solution must be implemented, and a smart energy management system be in place to maximize utilization and reduce energy costs during peak energy demand.
The Driivz Solution for Truck Fleet Management
Truck fleet managers can optimize driver, truck, and charger management with Driivz cloud-based solution, while reducing OPEX and CAPEX and keeping e-trucks always ready to go. Integration with existing fleet management solutions allows for better management and control of EV truck fleet charging operations. The modular system allows for comprehensive analysis of charging patterns, energy consumption, and vehicles to support current and future business decisions. It also provides solutions for drivers who charge their commercial fleet vehicles at home. Furthermore, Driivz Smart Energy Management better manages energy demand to maximize savings with e-trucks and reduce initial investment in infrastructure.